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Lesson 4

Thursday 11th June 2020 


Please complete the comprehension based on the text - 'Rubies in the Snow' that you should have read earlier this week. If you have not read it please do so before answering the questions.


Here is some background information to help you with the story as well 


Tsar Nicholas II was Russia's final Emperor, his wife was Tsarina Alexandra. Tsar Nicholas was cousin to King George V of England (Queen Elizabeth's -our queen's - grandfather) 


When Nicholas became Tsar after the death of his father, he felt unprepared and nervous. He married Alexandra in 1894, and she became known quickly as his advisor and confident.


Nicholas and Alxandra had four daughters, Olga, Tatiana, Maria and Anastasia and one son, Alexi. The Tsar was not well liked by the people; Russia has started a War with Japan and despite showing signs of losing, Tsar Nicholas refused to admit defeat. He finally accepted peace talks but the Army were diminished and Russia had lost a huge amount of money by continuing the conflict. Jewish people were badly treated in Russia and education was only offered to the elite. Factory workers were expected to work 11 hours a day. Despite the country being financially unstable, the Tsar kept holding lavish parties and has Palaces filled servants. 


In 1905, workers revolted. They peacefully protested at the Winter Palace demanding a more democratic system. However; when they were mercilessly gunned down at the orders of the Tsar, thousands of workers revolted with a full scale rebellion. After weeks of strikes and thousands of demonstrators threatening to topple his regime, Nicholas finally allowed some reforms that would quell the revolutionaries. 


However by the start of the First World War, soldiers had no boots, no coats and the price of food had soared. Bread and duel were impossible to find. Revolution had been brewing for years and the lack of food caused by the war was the final straw for the Russian people. In 1917, soldiers arrested the Royal family, and in 1918 Nicolas, Alexandra and their five children were executed.